Power allocation in MMSE relaying over frequency-selective rayleigh fading channels

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2010, 58 (11), pp. 3330 - 3343
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This paper develops an amplify-and-forward relaying scheme for multiuser wireless cooperative networks under frequency-selective block-fading. Single-carrier frequency division multiple-access with frequency-domain equalization technique is employed at both the relay and destination to combat the inter-block and inter-symbol interference caused by multipath propagation. With the assumption that the full channel state information (CSI) is available at the destination, the relay only knows the uplink channels while no CSI is available at the sources, two power allocation schemes are developed for the relay: (i) to minimize the total transmit power at the relay while maintaining the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) for each user at the destination above a certain level, and (ii) to maximize the worst SINR among all the users subject to a constraint on total relay power. In the first problem, it is shown that SINR adaptation is needed not only to guarantee a feasible solution but also to significantly reduce the transmit power at the relay for certain channel conditions. In the second problem, a flexible multi-level water-filling scheme is developed, which can be easily modified to adapt to the different channel conditions as well as different quality-of-service provision strategies. © 2006 IEEE.
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