A New Class of Structured Beamforming for Content-Centric Fog Radio Access Networks
- IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2021, 69, (11), pp. 7269-7282
- Issue Date:
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The embargo period expires on 30 Nov 2023
A multi-user fog radio access network (F-RAN) is designed for supporting content-centric services. The requested contents are partitioned into sub-contents, which are then 'beamformed' by the remote radio heads (RRHs) for transmission to the users. Since a large number of beamformers must be designed, this poses a computational challenge. We tackle this challenge by proposing a new class of regularized zero forcing beamforming (RZFB) for directly mitigating the inter-content interferences, while the 'intra-content interference' is mitigated by successive interference cancellation at the user end. Thus each beamformer is decided by a single real variable (for proper Gaussian signaling) or by a pair of complex variables (for improper Gaussian signaling). Hence the total number of decision variables is substantially reduced to facilitate tractable computation. To address the problem of energy efficiency optimization subject to multiple constraints, such as individual user-rate requirement and the fronthauling constraint of the links between the RRHs and the centralized baseband signal processing unit, as well as the total transmit power budget, we develop low-complexity path-following algorithms. Finally, we confirm their performance by simulations.
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