Green computing in IoT: Time slotted simultaneous wireless information and power transfer

Elsevier BV
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Computer Communications, 2021, 168, pp. 155-169
Issue Date:
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Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer (SWIPT) is an emerging field to transmit information and power in IoT network through the same RF signal. Time switching (TS) protocol is more favorable in free space communication than Power Splitting (PS) protocol when the transmitted RF signal is already weak. This is because, transmitted signal loses its power due to attenuation in free space, and using PS design receiver circuit (complex), the received weak signal is further split into two fraction for energy harvesting (EH) and information decoding (ID) simultaneously, that causes inadequacy in SWIPT system. Whereas, using TS design receiver circuit (simple) insert extra delay in the network as EH and ID operations are done in two different time domain one by one. Literature on SWIPT lacks towards cooperation between more energy harvesting in case of free space communication (TS) and critical information transmission in case of delay constraint communication (PS). In this context, this paper presents a time-slotted SWIPT (T-SWIPT) focusing on maximization of energy efficiency in the relay based sensors-enabled IoT network. It enables simultaneous energy harvesting at receiver and neighboring sensors without adding extra delay in the network. The PS ratio, transmission power allotment and energy broadcast time are jointly formulated as non-convex energy efficiency maximization problem. A solution to the problem is presented using Lagrangian dual decomposition and fractional programming. The performance evaluation shows that T-SWIPT attains optimum energy efficiency by trading off transmission power allotment, power-splitting ratio and sink broadcast time slot.
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