Combined Discrete-Continuum Analysis for Ballasted Rail Tracks

Publication Type:
Challenges and Innovations in Geomechanics, 2021, 126, pp. 266-273
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A study on the load-deformation behaviour of railway ballast aggregates subjected to cyclic loadings using a combined discrete-continuum modelling approach is presented. Discrete ballast particles are simulated in the DEM and the continuum-based subgrade is simulated by the FDM. Interface elements are generated to transmit contact forces and displacements between the two domains (i.e. discrete and continuum) whereby the DEM exchanges contact forces to the FDM, and then the FDM transfers the displacement back to the DEM. Distributions of contact forces, coordination number, stress contours on the subgrade and corresponding number of broken bonds (representing ballast breakage) are analysed.
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