Mechanical properties and piezoresistive performances of intrinsic graphene nanoplate/cement-based sensors subjected to impact load

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Journal Article
Construction and Building Materials, 2022, 327
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The electrical, mechanical properties, and piezoresistive performances of intrinsic graphene nanoplate (GNP)/cementitious composites were investigated after subjected to impact load in this paper. The stabilized electrical resistivity before/after exposure to impact load and real-time electrical response under dynamic load were simultaneously studied. The cement hydration and microstructures of (GNP)/cementitious composites were characterized by thermal gravity analysis (TGA) and scanning electron microscope. The nearly identical hydration degree of 1.0% GNP filled cement mortar (1GNPCM) and mortar with 2% GNP (2GNPCM) indicates the physical interactions between the GNP and cement matrix. The excellent intrinsic physical properties of GNP played an important role in the enhancements of GNP/cementitious composites. After exposed to impact, the stabilized electrical resistivity, mechanical performance, and piezoresistivity of 1GNPCM were greatly changed, whereas the counterpart of 2GNPCM was well-maintained and nearly unaffected. Therefore, the severe microstructural deteriorations in 1GNPCM could be responsible for the variations, which damaged the conductive passages. The almost unchanged mechanical, electrical and piezoresistive properties enable 2GNPCM as a promising cement-based senor to provide stable piezoresistivity even after exposure to impact load. The related outcomes provide an insight into the development of impact-resistant cement-based sensors and promote the applications of cement-based sensors under extreme loading conditions.
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