Physicochemical and Piezoresistive properties of smart cementitious composites with graphene nanoplates and graphite plates

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Journal Article
Construction and Building Materials, 2021, 286
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Graphene nanoplate (GNP) and graphite plate (GP) are promising functional nanofillers for smart self-sensing cementitious composites. The effects of GNP and GP on physicochemical, mechanical and piezoresistive properties of cementitious composite were investigated in this paper. The results show that cement hydration was accelerated with the increased amounts of GNP and GP because of nucleation effect. The electrical resistivity of GNP-cementitious composites was always lower than the counterpart with GP with the same concentration. On the other hand, percolation occurred for the GNP/cementitious composites at the dosages from 2 to 3% (by weight), while it never happens for the GP/cementitious composites. Moreover, the GNP/cementitious composites reached the maximum mechanical strength when the GNP content was 1.0%, while for the GP/cementitious composites, only minor strength improvement was obtained with a dosage of 0.5% GP. As for the piezoresistivity, the cementitious composites with GNP exhibited higher fractional changes of resistivity. Irreversible resistivity happened for 2–3% GP/cementitious composites subjected to cyclic compression, due to the poor and loose microstructures. The outcomes are expected to provide an insight into the application of GNP/cementitious and GP/cement composites as cement-based sensors for the future structural health monitoring.
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