Modeling of completely autotrophic nitrogen removal process with salt and glycine betaine addition.

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Journal Article
Chemosphere, 2021, 264, (Pt 2), pp. 128474-128474
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The susceptibility of the completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite (CANON) process to high salinity limits its widespread application. The addition of glycine betaine (GB), a type of compatible solutes that could resist osmotic stress, could be an effective strategy to enhance the salt tolerance ability of aerobic and anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AOB and anammox bacteria) involved in the CANON process. This study aims to make use of mathematical modeling to systematically investigate the effects of salt and GB addition on the activities of AOB and anammox bacteria and the treatment performance of the CANON process. To this end, a series of dedicated batch tests and long-term experiments for the CANON process with salt and GB additions were conducted and the data was used to calibrate and validate the model established to consider the relationships between salt and GB concentrations and bacterial growth in the CANON process. The calibrated/validated CANON process model was then applied to simulate the long-term impacts of GB addition concentration and sludge retention time (SRT) on the CANON process. The results showed that 1 mM GB addition and a SRT of 50 days would be sufficient to protect AOB and anammox bacteria under the high salinity (30 g/L NaCl) conditions studied and therefore reduce the time needed to recover the treatment performance of the CANON process from exposure to salt inhibition by 35%-40%.
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