SMILE: A similarity-based approach for multiple instance learning

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, ICDM, 2010, pp. 589 - 598
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Multiple instance learning (MIL) is a generalization of supervised learning which attempts to learn useful information from bags of instances. In MIL, the true labels of the instances in positive bags are not always available for training. This leads to a critical challenge, namely, handling the ambiguity of instance labels in positive bags. To address this issue, this paper proposes a novel MIL method named SMILE (Similarity-based Multiple Instance LEarning). It introduces a similarity weight to each instance in positive bag, which represents the instance similarity towards the positive and negative classes. The instances in positive bags, together with their similarity weights, are thereafter incorporated into the learning phase to build an extended SVM-based predictive classifier. Experiments on three real-world datasets consisting of 12 subsets show that SMILE achieves markedly better classification accuracy than state-of-the-art MIL methods. © 2010 IEEE.
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