MOF-Mediated Destruction of Cancer Using the Cell's Own Hydrogen Peroxide.

American Chemical Society
Publication Type:
Journal Article
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2017, 9, (39), pp. 33599-33608
Issue Date:
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A novel reduced iron metal-organic framework nanoparticle with cytotoxicity specific to cancer cells is presented. This nanoparticle was prepared via a hydrothermal method, reduced using hydroquinone, and finally conjugated with folic acid (namely, rMOF-FA). The synthesized nanoparticle shows the controlled release of iron in an acidic ex-vivo environment. Iron present on the rMOF-FA and released into solution can react with high levels of hydrogen peroxide found specifically in cancer cells to increase the hydroxyl radical concentration. The hydroxyl radicals oxidize proteins, lipids, and/or DNA within the biological system to decrease cell viability. In vitro experiments demonstrate that this novel nanoparticle is cytotoxic to cancer cells (HeLa) through generation of OH• inside the cells. At low concentrations of rMOF-FA, the cancer cell viability decreases dramatically, with no obvious reduction of normal cell (NIH-3T3) viability. The calculated half-maximum inhibitory concentration value (IC50) was 43 μg/mL for HeLa cells, which was significantly higher than 105 μg/mL for NIH-3T3. This work thus demonstrates a new type of agent for controlled hydroxyl radical generation using the Fenton reaction to kill the tumor cells.
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