Semantic grid map building

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the 2010 Australasian Conference on Robotics and Automation, ACRA 2010, 2010
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Conventional Occupancy Grid (OG) map which contains occupied and unoccupied cells can be enhanced by incorporating semantic labels of places to build semantic grid map. Map with semantic information is more understandable to humans and hence can be used for efficient communication, leading to effective human robot interactions. This paper proposes a new approach that enables a robot to explore an indoor environment to build an occupancy grid map and then perform semantic labeling to generate a semantic grid map. Geometrical information is obtained by classifying the places into three different semantic classes based on data collected by a 2D laser range finder. Classification is achieved by implementing logistic regression as a multi-class classifier, and the results are combined in a probabilistic framework. Labeling accuracy is further improved by topological correction on robot position map which is an intermediate product, and also by outlier removal process on semantic grid map. Simulation on data collected in a university environment shows appealing results.
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