Mark-up on construction projects: what have we learnt in the last 20 years?

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 2022
Issue Date:
Filename Description Size
10-1108_ECAM-01-2022-0070.pdfPublished version395.08 kB
Adobe PDF
Full metadata record
Purpose: With the aim to provide a global view of factors affecting mark-up size on construction projects, this study performs a meta-analytical review of the relevant studies over the past 20 years. Design/methodology/approach: The analytical process involved the identification and evaluation of the importance of critical factors affecting mark-up size on construction projects, and the assessment of the generalisability of findings of the meta-analysis. A random-effects model was adopted in the statistical meta-analysis. Findings: The results show that there are 23 critical factors, and the top five factors are: (1) competitiveness of other bidders; (2) number of bidders; (3) relationship and past experience with client; (4) experience on similar project; and (5) project size. A heterogeneity test further shows that there is no statistically significant heterogeneity across the studies, reinforcing the generalisability of the findings to a global context. Research limitations/implications: The list of critical factors from a global perspective should form a good basis for future efforts in bidding model development. Practical implications: The research findings have practical implications to both construction clients and contractors in formulating their contracting practices and strategies. Originality/value: This is the first meta-analysis of a sizeable collection of replicated studies on factors affecting mark-up size on construction projects in the literature.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: