Interactive Role of Rolling Friction and Cohesion on the Angle of Repose through a Microscale Assessment

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Publication Type:
Journal Article
International Journal of Geomechanics, 2023, 23, (1)
Issue Date:
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Cohesion and rolling friction play key roles in governing the behavior of soil; however, only a limited number of studies have been able to assess the simultaneous contributions of these two microparameters on the macroproperties of soil. In this respect, the innovation of the current study includes an attempt to examine the interplay of these two primary parameters on the angle of repose (AoR) based on the discrete-element method (DEM). Lifting cylinder tests on cohesive wet sand have been carried out in DEM, while the cohesion and rolling friction are captured through proposed computational models. In this paper, macroparameters, such as the geometry and developmental stages of sand piles obtained in DEM simulation, are compared with experimental data, while their microevolution is quantified in detail. The results show that a large AoR can only be obtained when the cohesive and rotational frictional forces work in tandem. Increasing the cohesion and rolling friction results in smaller contact numbers, with increasing chain-like connections between particles and larger pore spaces to account for a larger AoR. For the first time, this study distinctly identifies three major stages that contribute to the AoR, based on the development of contact numbers and the transformation of energy. Accordingly, the linkage between macroscale AoR and the microstructural coordination number is formulated with varying levels of cohesion and rolling friction. The DEM results prove that the more cohesive the particles are, the greater the delay in the dissipation of kinetic energy.
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