COVID-19 Detection from Radiographs: Is Deep Learning Able to Handle the Crisis?

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Signals, 3, (2), pp. 296-312
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Deep learning in the last decade has been very successful in computer vision and machine learning applications. Deep learning networks provide state-of-the-art performance in almost all of the applications where they have been employed. In this review, we aim to summarize the essential deep learning techniques and then apply them to COVID-19, a highly contagious viral infection that wreaks havoc on everyone’s lives in various ways. According to the World Health Organization and scientists, more testing potentially helps contain the virus’s spread. The use of chest radiographs is one of the early screening tests for determining disease, as the infection affects the lungs severely. To detect the COVID-19 infection, this experimental survey investigates and automates the process of testing by employing state-of-the-art deep learning classifiers. Moreover, the viruses are of many types, such as influenza, hepatitis, and COVID. Here, our focus is on COVID-19. Therefore, we employ binary classification, where one class is COVID-19 while the other viral infection types are treated as non-COVID-19 in the radiographs. The classification task is challenging due to the limited number of scans available for COVID-19 and the minute variations in the viral infections. We aim to employ current state-of-the-art CNN architectures, compare their results, and determine whether deep learning algorithms can handle the crisis appropriately and accurately. We train and evaluate 34 models. We also provide the limitations and future direction.
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