Learning Multiaspect Traffic Couplings by Multirelational Graph Attention Networks for Traffic Prediction
- IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2022, 23, (11), pp. 20681-20695
- Issue Date:
|Learning Multiaspect Traffic Couplings by Multirelational Graph Attention Networks for Traffic Prediction.pdf||Published version||2.65 MB|
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Temporal traffic prediction is critical for ITS yet remains challenging in handling complex spatio-temporal dynamics of traffic systems. The continuous traffic data (e.g., traffic flow, and speed) from various channels and nodes in a traffic network are coupled with each other over the time points of each channel, spatially between traffic nodes, and jointly in both spatial and temporal dimensions. Such multi-aspect traffic data couplings reflect the conditions of a real-life traffic system and evolve over traffic movement and network dynamics. The recent studies formulate traffic prediction by high-profile graph neural networks. However, they mainly focus on hidden relations captured by neural graph mechanisms while overlooking or simplifying the above multi-aspect traffic data couplings. By modeling a traffic system as a coupled traffic network, we learn the multi-aspect traffic data couplings by a Multi-relational Synchronous Graph Attention Network (MS-GAT). Specifically, MS-GAT learns three embeddings to respectively but synchronously represent the traffic data-based channel, temporal, and spatial relations between nodes by specific graph attention designs. The embeddings are further adaptively coupled according to their respective importance to prediction. Tested on five real-world datasets, MS-GAT outperforms six SOTA graph networks-based traffic predictors. MS-GAT captures not only spatial and temporal couplings but also traffic data-based channel interactions over traffic evolution.
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