Municipal adaptation planning: A city-based framework for climate change adaptation

Greenleaf Publishing
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Green CITYnomics, 2009, 1, pp. 77 - 93
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Scientific evidence confirms that climate change is already taking place and that most of the warming observed during the past 50 years is due to human activities OPCC 2007). Climate change projections suggest increased variability in rainfall, more frequent extreme events and increased temperatures. This will occur even if global emissions were to be reduced in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol. In recent years, reducing vulnerability to climate change has become an urgent issue in low- and middle-income countries and is at the forefront of any sustainable development policy agenda. Adaptation to climate change is a process whereby individuals and communities seek to respond to 'actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects' OPCC 2007). This process is not new and, throughout history, people have adapted to changing climate conditions.
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