- Publication Type:
- International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home, 2012, pp. 43 - 49
- Issue Date:
Neighbourhood disadvantage in late nineteenth-century industrial cities was a key concern of policy-makers. Sanitary reform, suburbanisation, and urban regeneration were implemented in an attempt to redress this emergent disadvantage through the creation of healthier environments. From the mid-twentieth century these early approaches were gradually replaced as more complex understandings emerged around the social, cultural, and economic as well as environmental factors which contributed to neighbourhood disadvantage. A consequence of this shift has been the emergence of more 'joined-up' approaches to redressing contemporary neighbourhood disadvantage, which are formed around wide-ranging partnerships and participation of affected residents and communities. © 2012 Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved..
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