Preparation and characterisation of TiO <inf>2</inf> nanoparticle and titanate nanotube obtained from Ti-salt flocculated sludge with drinking water and seawater

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Journal Article
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2011, 11 (2), pp. 1640 - 1643
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This study aimed to prepare and characterise titanium dioxide (TiO 2) nanoparticles and titanate nanotubes produced from Ti-sat flocculated sludge with drinking water (DW) and seawater (SW). The Ti-salt flocculated sludge from DW and SW was incinerated at 600 °C to produce TiO 2 nanoparticles. XRD results showed that the anatase TiO2 structure was predominant for TiO 2 from DW (TiO 2-DW) and TiO 2 from SW (TiO 2-SW), which were mainly doped with carbon atoms. Titanate nanotubes (tiNT) were obtained when TiO 2-DW and TiO 2-SW were hydrothermally treated with NaOH solution. Structure phase, shape, crystallisation and photocatalytic activity of tiNT were affected by the incineration temperature and the amount of sodium present in different tiNT. The tiNT doped with thiourea incinerated at 600 °C presented anatase phase, showing a high increase of the degree of crystallisation with nanotube-like structures. The photocatalytic activity of these photocatalysts was evaluated using photooxidation of gaseous acetaldehyde. Thiourea doped tiNT-DW and tiNT-SW showed similar photocatalytic activity compared to commercially available TiO 2-P25 under UV light and indicated a photocatalytic activity under visible light. Copyright © 2011 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.
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