Briefing and reframing: A situated practice

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Journal Article
Design Studies, 2011, 32 (6), pp. 573 - 587
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The ability to reframe a problematic situation in new and interesting ways is widely seen as one of the key characteristics of design thinking. In this paper we study how experienced designers have professionalised the crucial art of frame communication and new frame adoption with their clients. During briefing, professional designers elicit a client's frame, reframe it to be more workable and desirable, and reflect it back. In this study fifteen experienced visual communications designers were interviewed and asked about briefing activities for what they deemed to be 'typical' and 'innovative' projects. This yielded rich descriptions of strategies that these professional designers used to enable reframing of the situation with clients, insights into possible difficulties and patterns of briefing practices. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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