Block-based neural network for hypoglycemia detection

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Conference Proceeding
33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2011, pp. 5666 - 5669
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In this paper, evolvable block based neural network (BBNN) is presented for detection of hypoglycemia episodes. The structure of BBNN consists of a two-dimensional (2D) array of fundamental blocks with four variable inputoutput nodes and weight connections. Depending on the structure settings, each block can have one of four different internal configurations. To provide early detection of hypoglycemia episodes, the physiological parameters such as heart rate (HR) and corrected QT interval (QTc) of electrocardiogram (ECG) signal are used as the inputs of BBNN. The overall structure and weights of BBNN are optimized by an evolutionary algorithm called hybrid particle swarm optimization with wavelet mutation (HPSOWM). The optimized structures and weights of BBNN are capable to compensate large variations of ECG patterns caused by individual and temporal difference since a fixed structure classifiers are easy to fail to trace ECG signals with large variations. The ECG data of 15 patients are organized into a training set, a testing set and a validation set, each of which has randomly selected 5 patients. The simulation results shows that the proposed algorithm, BBNN with HPSOWM can successfully detect the hypoglycemic episodes in T1DM in term of testing sensitivity (76.74%) and test specificity (50.91%).
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