China at 60: Global-Local Interaction - Introduction

World Scientific Publishing
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China at 60: Global-Local Interactions, 2011, 1, pp. 1 - 13
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The year 2009 marks the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC). On its formation, the PRC leadership ought to achieve a 10ng-l1eld ambit ion to build a pro perous and strong Chinese state that could command respect and recognition among .its international peers. Previous studies on China have generally used the year 1979 as a watershed of its transformation from the Mao era to Deng's economic reform. This disjuncture between pre-1979 China and post-1979 China has dominated scholarly attention in their analyses of the role of political leadership in social and economic developments in these two separate periods. Examples include Loren Brandt and Thomas Raw ki, Kjeld Erik Brodsgaard and Zheng Yongnian, David Goodman, Doug Guthrie, Nichola Lardy, Li Cheng, Peter Nolan, Cze law Tubilewicz, Gordon Whit , as well as Dali L. Yang and Zhao Litao. There has been considerable work done by scholars such as Nick Knight and Zheng Yongnian on China's international linkages, particularly on its transformation in coping with the external forces of globalisation. They argue that while globalisation generates both opportunities and risks for China, opportunities outweigh the risks and China has been using a flexible approach to cope with globalisation. China's engagement with the outside world intersected with its internal development strategies in a host of complex ways over the course of these 60 years. With this in mind, a dual theme - change-and-continuity and global-local interactions on China's development - is adopted to assess the historical development of China's policies in various issue areas in the past 60 years. Focus is on the domestic impacts of China's previous and present engagement with the world, the global implications of China's reform efforts and growing power, and the long-lasting uniqueness of this non-European rising or re-emerging nation. What distinguishes this edited volume from others is its explicit emphais on the external factors that have impacted on China's internal development over the entire 60 years of the PRe's existence. The focus is on how China's interactions with global forces since 1949 have impacted on its domestic and foreign policy agenda and its changes and continuities. By arguing that one cannot have a proper understanding of present-day China without a sound knowledge of its past, this volume aims to explore the interactions between China and the world over the course of the Communist Party rule since 1949 and the impact of these interactions on China's domestic development.
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