Cost-sensitive classification with inadequate labeled data
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Information Systems, 2012, 37 (5), pp. 508 - 516
- Issue Date:
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It is an actual and challenging issue to learn cost-sensitive models from those datasets that are with few labeled data and plentiful unlabeled data, because some time labeled data are very difficult, time consuming and/or expensive to obtain. To solve this issue, in this paper we proposed two classification strategies to learn cost-sensitive classifier from training datasets with both labeled and unlabeled data, based on Expectation Maximization (EM). The first method, Direct-EM, uses EM to build a semi-supervised classifier, then directly computes the optimal class label for each test example using the class probability produced by the learning model. The second method, CS-EM, modifies EM by incorporating misclassification cost into the probability estimation process. We conducted extensive experiments to evaluate the efficiency, and results show that when using only a small number of labeled training examples, the CS-EM outperforms the other competing methods on majority of the selected UCI data sets across different cost ratios, especially when cost ratio is high. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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