Segment-based features for time series classification

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Journal Article
Computer Journal, 2012, 55 (9), pp. 1088 - 1102
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In this paper, we propose an approach termed segment-based features (SBFs) to classify time series. The approach is inspired by the success of the component- or part-based methods of object recognition in computer vision, in which a visual object is described as a number of characteristic parts and the relations among the parts. Utilizing this idea in the problem of time series classification, a time series is represented as a set of segments and the corresponding temporal relations. First, a number of interest segments are extracted by interest point detection with automatic scale selection. Then, a number of feature prototypes are collected by random sampling from the segment set, where each feature prototype may include single segment or multiple ordered segments. Subsequently, each time series is transformed to a standard feature vector, i.e. SBF, where each entry in the SBF is calculated as the maximum response (maximum similarity) of the corresponding feature prototype to the segment set of the time series. Based on the original SBF, an incremental feature selection algorithm is conducted to form a compact and discriminative feature representation. Finally, a multi-class support vector machine is trained to classify the test time series. Extensive experiments on different time series datasets, including one synthetic control dataset, two sign language datasets and one gait dynamics dataset, have been performed to evaluate the proposed SBF method. Compared with other state-of-the-art methods, our approach achieves superior classification performance, which clearly validates the advantages of the proposed method. © 2011 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The British Computer Society. All rights reserved.
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