Universal Truth versus Chinese Exceptionalism: An Ideological Dilemma

International Association for East-West Studies
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of East-West Thought, 2012, 2 (3), pp. 87 - 94
Issue Date:
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This is an analysis of a moral and ideological dilemma facing Ihe Chinese alllhority, with a focus on its shifiing position on so-called "particularity of China ", Originally the Chinese communists were Universalists who rejected their various rivals' arguments about Chinese 'particular national conditions" in order to j ustify their belief in and application 0/ Marxism in China. In those revolutionary years there was genuine rigor in their intellectual exploration, in spite of Marxist-Leninist dogmatism. The recent embracement of the concept of "Chinese characteristics" and attacks on the "universal values", however, seem to indicate that the universalist position has been abandoned altogether to justify the current political system in a special manner. II remains to be seen whether this effort will succeed in establishing an enduring political ideology for a "rising China JJ or otherwise quickly vanish into oblivion just as countless ideological catchphrases before it.
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