Applicability of agricultural waste and by-products for adsorptive removal of heavy metals from wastewater

Publisher:
Elsevier
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Bioresource Technology, 2013, 148 (1), pp. 574 - 585
Issue Date:
2013-01
Full metadata record
Files in This Item:
Filename Description Size
2012007768OK.pdf678.18 kB
Adobe PDF
This critical review discusses the potential use of agricultural waste based biosorbents (AWBs) for sequestering heavy metals in terms of their adsorption capacities, binding mechanisms, operating factors and pretreatment methods. The literature survey indicates that AWBs have shown equal or even greater adsorption capacities compared to conventional adsorbents. Thanks to modern molecular biotechnologies, the roles of functional groups in biosorption process are better understood. Of process factors, pH appears to be the most influential. In most cases, chemical pretreatments bring about an obvious improvement in metal uptake capacity. However, there are still several gaps, which require further investigation, such as (i) searching for novel, multi-function AWBs, (ii) developing cost-effective modification methods and (iii) assessing AWBs under multi-metal and real wastewater systems. Once these challenges are settled, the replacement of traditional adsorbents by AWBs in decontaminating heavy metals from wastewater can be expected in the future.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: