A realist review of interventions and strategies to promote evidence-informed healthcare: a focus on change agency

Publisher:
BioMed Central Ltd.
Publication Type:
Journal article
Citation:
Mccormack, Brendan et al. 2013, 'A realist review of interventions and strategies to promote evidence-informed healthcare: a focus on change agency', Implementation Science, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 107-1-107-12.
Issue Date:
2013
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Background Change agency in its various forms is one intervention aimed at improving the effectiveness of the uptake of evidence. Facilitators, knowledge brokers and opinion leaders are examples of change agency strategies used to promote knowledge utilization. This review adopts a realist approach and addresses the following question: What change agency characteristics work, for whom do they work, in what circumstances and why? Methods The literature reviewed spanned the period 1997-2007. Change agency was operationalized as roles that are aimed at effecting successful change in individuals and organizations. A theoretical framework, developed through stakeholder consultation formed the basis for a search for relevant literature. Team members, working in sub groups, independently themed the data and developed chains of inference to form a series of hypotheses regarding change agency and the role of change agency in knowledge use.
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