Discourses of justice and class: Impact of China's intellectual elites on social policy

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Elites and Governance in China, 2013, 1, pp. 12 - 33
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Among the social groups that rose to prominence in the major social and political changes of the twentieth century, three elites - intellectuals, the managers of industry and the high government officials - have been singled out as the inheritors of the functions of earlier ruling classes and as vital agents in the creation of new forms of society in many countries (Bottomore 1964: 52). Intellectual elites in particular figured prominently in China's major cultural and political movements of the last century. However, there has been a prevalent perception since the Tiananmen events of 1989 that China's intellectuals, especially those who fail to capitalize on their expertise either through commercialization or provision of policy advice to government departments, or who do not criticize the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), are increasingly marginalized in society and sliding into irrelevance.
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