Coupled market behavior based financial crisis detection

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2013
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Financial crisis detection is a long-standing challenging issue with significant practical values and impact on economy, society and globalization. The challenge lies in many aspects, in particular, the nonlinear and dynamic characteristics associated with financial crisis. Most of existing methods rely on selecting individual indicators associated with one market indicator, and the linear assumption is often behind the models for prediction. In practice, a linear assumption may be too strong to be applicable to the real market dynamics. More importantly, instruments in different markets such as gold price and petrol price are often coupled. A financial crisis may significantly change the couplings between different market indicators. In addition, such couplings in cross-market interaction are likely nonlinear. In this paper, we present a new approach for financial crisis detection by catering for the often nonlinear couplings between major indicators selected from different markets, called coupled market behavior analysis, to detect different coupled market behaviors at crisis and non-crisis periods. A Coupled Hidden Markov Model (CHMM) is built to characterize the coupled market behaviors of equity, commodity and interest markets as case studies. The empirical results show the need of catering for nonlinear couplings between various markets and the proposed approach is much more effective in capturing the coupling and nonlinear relations associated with financial crisis compared with other traditionally used approaches, such as Signal, Logistic and ANN models. © 2013 IEEE.
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