Joint optimization of source power allocation and cooperative beamforming for SC-FDMA multi-user multi-relay networks

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2013, 61 (6), pp. 2248 - 2259
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© 2013 IEEE. This paper is concerned with design problems of joint source power allocation and relay beamforming in multiuser multi-relay networks that use single-carrier frequency division multiple access (SC-FDMA) and amplify-and-forward relaying. Examined are the joint programs of (i) maximizing the minimum signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) under various transmitted power constraints, and (ii) minimizing the total transmitted power subject to prescribed SINR thresholds of users. Although these optimization problems are highly nonconvex and have large dimensions, by exploiting their partial convexities and making elegant nonlinear variable changes, they are recast as d.c. (difference of two convex) programs. Efficient d.c. iterative procedures are then developed to find the solutions. Simplified joint programs under the two cases of equal source power and equal relay beamforming weights, respectively, are also considered. Branch-and-bound algorithms of deterministic global optimization are then proposed for solving the simplified joint programs. Simulation results confirm the excellent performance and computational efficiency of all the proposed solutions.
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