Influence of organic shock loads on the production of N2O in denitrifying phosphorus removal process

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Journal Article
Bioresource Technology, 2013, 141 (1), pp. 160 - 166
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In this work, the influences of short-term organic shock loads on N2O production during denitrifying phosphorus removal were investigated by changing the influent COD concentrations (100, 200, 350, and 500 mg/L). After switching the COD concentrations from 200 to 350 or 500 mg/L, N2O-N production amount increased from 1.62% to 7.12% or 3.29% of the TN removal, respectively, while the corresponding effluent phosphorus concentrations increased from 1.84 to 16.55 and 56.08 mg/L, respectively, which were higher than the influent phosphorus concentration (4.93 mg/L). Furthermore, when the COD concentration was decreased to 100 mg/L, N2O-N production amount was only 1.20%. All results suggested that higher organic shock loads increased N2O production. The main reason was that higher organic shock loads increased anaerobic poly-b-hydroxyalkanoates (PHA) synthesis, which resulted in higher nitrite accumulation. The influences of higher organic shock loads on N2O production could be minimized by adopting continuous nitrate addition strategy.
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