ZnO micro-flowers assembled on reduced graphene sheets with high photocatalytic activity for removal of pollutants

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Journal Article
Powder Technology, 2013, 235 pp. 853 - 858
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In this paper, a simple and efficient strategy was developed for preparing flower-shaped ZnO doped reduced graphene oxide (RGO) composite material by simultaneous crystal growth (of ZnO) and reduction (of graphene oxide) using hydrothermal process. Several analytical techniques, including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), FT-IR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy have been used to characterize the resulting ZnO/RGO photocatalyst. Results showed that highly crystalline ZnO nano-flowers were effectively doped on the surface of RGO sheets. The unique properties of RGO sheets not only provide the decreased rate of electron-hole separation in ZnO but also prevent from the loss of photocatalyst during recovery due to the fixed attachment of ZnO NPs on the surface of high aspect ratio graphene sheets. Therefore, as-synthesized composite is an economically and environmentally friendly photocatalyst. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
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