Performance analysis of distributed raptor codes in wireless sensor networks

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2013, 61 (10), pp. 4357 - 4368
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In this paper, we propose a distributed network coding (DNC) scheme based on the Raptor codes for wireless sensor networks (WSNs), where a group of sensor nodes, acting as source nodes, communicate with a single sink through some other sensor nodes, serving as relay nodes, in a multi-hop fashion. At the sink, a graph-based Raptor code is formed on the fly. After receiving a sufficient number of encoded packets, the sink begins to decode. The main contributions of this paper are the derivation of a bit error rate (BER) lower bound for the LT-based DNC scheme over Rayleigh fading channels under maximum-likelihood (ML) decoding, and the derivations of upper and lower BER bounds for the proposed Raptor-based DNC scheme on the basis of the derived BER bound of LT codes. © 1972-2012 IEEE.
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