SEA-BAN: Semi-Autonomous Adaptive Routing in Wireless Body Area Networks

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Conference Proceeding
2013 7th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS), 2013, pp. 1 - 7
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Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN), an intelligent health monitoring system, is introduced advanced and integrated applications in the field of medical, fitness, sports, entertainment, military and consumer electronics. In WBAN, due to the limitation in the availability of energy supply, network longevity is a major challenge. Since 80% of total energy is consumed only because of communication purpose in WBAN, routing protocols play a key role towards making such networks energy efficient. In this paper, we propose an energy efficient cluster-based routing protocol for WBANs, named as semiautonomous adaptive routing in wireless body area network (SEA-BAN). SEA-BAN distributes the energy dissipation evenly among the body nodes and enhances the network lifetime. It is not simply a cluster-based routing protocol; it also combines the benefits of direct transmission and multi-hop transmission methods, depending on the energy level and spatial information of the body nodes, to formalize an adaptive routing. Moreover, its centralized operation reduces the computational burden of body nodes. The comparative analysis of our simulation results show that SEA-BAN enhances the network lifetime by more than 2 times when compared to the multi-hop transmission model and about 8.5 times than the direct transmission model.
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