Improved Nyström low-rank approximation and error analysis

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Machine Learning, 2008, pp. 1232 - 1239
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Low-rank matrix approximation is an effective tool in alleviating the memory and computational burdens of kernel methods and sampling, as the mainstream of such algorithms, has drawn considerable attention in both theory and practice. This paper presents detailed studies on the Nyström sampling scheme and in particular, an error analysis that directly relates the Nyström approximation quality with the encoding powers of the landmark points in summarizing the data. The resultant error bound suggests a simple and efficient sampling scheme, the k-means clustering algorithm, for Nyström low-rank approximation. We compare it with state-of-the-art approaches that range from greedy schemes to probabilistic sampling. Our algorithm achieves significant performance gains in a number of supervised/unsupervised learning tasks including kernel PCA and least squares SVM. Copyright 2008 by the author(s)/owner(s).
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