Energy Savings Achievable in Connection Preserving Energy Saving Algorithms

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Conference Proceeding
2009 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference(WCNC), 2009, pp. 1 - 6
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Energy saving is an important design consideration in wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we analyze the energy savings that can be achieved in a sensor network where each sensor is capable of reducing its transmission power from a maximum power pm, compared with that in a sensor network where each sensor can only transmit at a constant power level pm. To achieve a fair comparison, we assume sensors in both types of sensor networks are connected to the same set of neighbors, i.e. no connection is lost as a result of a sensor reducing its transmission power. We further assume that sensors are distributed in a given area following a Poisson distribution with known node density and the radio propagation is described by a log-normal model. Ignoring boundary effect, we establish analytically the probability for a sensor to achieve an energy saving of at least h dB. We also obtain the expected percentage of energy savings which can be substantial. The research reported in the paper helps to answer questions such as whether the energy savings achieved by using a sensor with a variable-transmission-power (and the consequent extension of its lifetime) justify the additional cost involved in manufacturing it.
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