A new state vector for range-only SLAM

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the 2011 Chinese Control and Decision Conference, CCDC 2011, 2011, pp. 3404 - 3409
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This paper considers the simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) problem where the range-only sensor is used. Landmark initialization is a critical issue in range-only SLAM due to the lack of bearing information from the robot to the landmarks. A new state vector is proposed to be used in solving the range-only SLAM. In the new state vector, the landmark position is represented in different ways under different situations. This new representation avoids the need of multiple hypotheses on the landmark positions implemented in most of the existing range-only SLAM algorithms. Simulation and experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the new range-only SLAM algorithm using the new state vector within the least squares framework. © 2011 IEEE.
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