Multi-layer Group Sparse Coding -- for Concurrent Image Classification and Annotation

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Gao, Shenghua, Chia, Liang-Tien, and Tsang, Ivor 2011, 'Multi-layer Group Sparse Coding -- for Concurrent Image Classification and Annotation', IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, pp. 2809-2816.
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We present a multi-layer group sparse coding framework for concurrent image classification and annotation. By leveraging the dependency between image class label and tags, we introduce a multi-layer group sparse structure of the reconstruction coefficients. Such structure fully encodes the mutual dependency between the class label, which describes the image content as a whole, and tags, which describe the components of the image content. Then we propose a multi-layer group based tag propagation method, which combines the class label and subgroups of instances with similar tag distribution to annotate test images. Moreover, we extend our multi-layer group sparse coding in the Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS) which captures the nonlinearity of features, and further improves performances of image classification and annotation. Experimental results on the LabelMe, UIUC-Sport and NUS-WIDE-Object databases show that our method outperforms the baseline methods, and achieves excellent performances in both image classification and annotation tasks.
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