Land Value Taxation: Meeting the principles of 'Good Tax Design.'

International Federation of Surveyors
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the FIG Working Week 2012, 2012, pp. 1 - 15
Issue Date:
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Land value as a base for recurrent property taxation has presented a number of challenges in highly urbanized locations where land separate to improvements rarely transacts. The economists view that land being limited in supply makes it the most suitable and neutral base on which to assess the tax, is in contrast to the taxpayers perspective, due to the additional complexity in understanding how land value is determined. This paper is a review of improvements in the principles of 'good tax design' in Australia. Data on objection rates to land values have been sourced from the NSW Department of Lands both pre and post the introduction of the 2005 reforms recommended by the NSW Ombudsman. This paper attempts to measure improvements in principles of 'Good Tax Design' via changes in objection rates to land values issued by the New South Wales Valuer-General, resulting from the provision of sales information to land tax payers from 2005. In conclusion a summary of improvements are provided as well as recommendations for refinements in the development of further measures needed in adding to taxpayer understanding of the valuation of land in highly urbanized locations.
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