Making sense as a process emerging from perception-memory interaction: A model

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Journal Article
International Journal of Intelligent Systems, 2012, 27 (8), pp. 757 - 775
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Making sense is a goal-driven process that integrates perceptual input into a cohesive internal representation. For human agents, it plays a central role in causal ascription or responsibility assignment. In this paper, we outline a theory of making sense. Making sense is hypothesized to arise from the interaction between perceptual input and context-dependent knowledge that was activated in long-term memory. Accordingly, the model draws heavily on psychological findings related to memory processing. The psychological grounding is completed by knowledge about cognitive architecture and supplemented by the literature on the attribution of cause and responsibility. The evidence is then integrated in an artificial intelligence (AI) model of making sense. The formalism and the mechanisms are inspired from previous AI research on causal ascription. We present a detailed account of the computer implementation. The implementation makes clear how knowledge influences the process of making sense in agreement with the psychological assumptions underlying the formal model. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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