Damage identification based on response-only measurements using cepstrum analysis and artificial neural networks

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Journal Article
Structural Health Monitoring, 2014, 13 (4), pp. 430 - 444
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This article presents a response-only structural health monitoring technique that utilises cepstrum analysis and artificial neural networks for the identification of damage in civil engineering structures. The method begins by applying cepstrum-based operational modal analysis, which separates source and transmission path effects to determine the structure's frequency response functions from response measurements only. Principal component analysis is applied to the obtained frequency response functions to reduce the data size, and structural damage is then detected using a two-stage ensemble of artificial neural networks. The proposed method is verified both experimentally and numerically using a laboratory two-storey framed structure and a finite element representation, both subjected to a single excitation. The laboratory structure is tested on a large-scale shake table generating ambient loading of Gaussian distribution. In the numerical investigation, the same input is applied to the finite model, but the obtained responses are polluted with different levels of white Gaussian noise to better replicate real-life conditions. The damage is simulated in the experimental and numerical investigations by changing the condition of individual joint elements from fixed to pinned. In total, four single joint changes are investigated. The results of the investigation show that the proposed method is effective in identifying joint damage in a multi-storey structure based on response-only measurements in the presence of a single input. Because the technique does not require a precise knowledge of the excitation, it has the potential for use in online structural health monitoring. Recommendations are given as to how the method could be applied to the more general multiple-input case. © The Author(s) 2014.
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