Coupled Item-Based Matrix Factorization

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Proceedings, Part I of the Web Information Systems Engineering - WISE 2014 - 15th International Conference, 2014, 8786 pp. 1 - 14
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The essence of the challenges cold start and sparsity in Recommender Systems (RS) is that the extant techniques, such as Collaborative Filtering (CF) and Matrix Factorization (MF), mainly rely on the user-item rating matrix, which sometimes is not informative enough for predicting recommendations. To solve these challenges, the objective item attributes are incorporated as complementary information. However, most of the existing methods for inferring the relationships between items assume that the attributes are “independently and identically distributed (iid)”, which does not always hold in reality. In fact, the attributes are more or less coupled with each other by some implicit relationships. Therefore, in this paper we propose an attribute-based coupled similarity measure to capture the implicit relationships between items. We then integrate the implicit item coupling into MF to form the Coupled Item-based Matrix Factorization (CIMF) model. Experimental results on two open data sets demonstrate that CIMF outperforms the benchmark methods.
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