Design and modelling of a novel linear electromagnetic vibration energy harvester

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Journal Article
International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics, 2014, 45 (2), pp. 165 - 183 (19)
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This paper presents the design and evaluation of a novel permanent magnet (PM) energy harvesting system for scavenging electrical energy from ambient vibrations. A two-phase tubular linear PM vibration energy harvester consisting of a mover attached with permanent magnets and a slotted stator with built-in two-phase electromagnetic coils is proposed to convert vibrational kinetic energy into electrical energy. Aiming at maximizing the efficiency of vibration-to-electrical energy conversion under designated vibration and limited space requirement, a systematic research, including innovative device design, theoretical modelling and analysis, and finite element evaluation on the PM vibration energy harvester will be presented in this paper. In addition, the methodology of winding the two-phase coils in slotted stator is explicated in order to fully utilize the harvested electrical energy. A two-phase rectifier circuit is developed to convert the alternative voltage generated by the PM harvester into DC voltage that can be used directly by the external resistive load. Simulation results indicate that the proposed linear PM vibration energy harvesting system is able to generate about 100 watt DC electrical power under the vibration with the velocity of 0.4 m/s and the output electrical power is proportional to the levels of vibration excitations.
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