Model predictive control of grid-connected inverters for PV systems with flexible power regulation and switching frequency reduction

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2015, 51 (1), pp. 587 - 594
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© 1972-2012 IEEE. This paper presents a model predictive direct power control strategy for a grid-connected inverter used in a photovoltaic system as found in many distributed generating installations. The controller uses a system model to predict the system behavior at each sampling instant. The voltage vector that generates the least power ripple is selected using a cost function and applied during the next sampling period; thus, flexible power regulation can be achieved. In addition, the influence of a one-step delay in the digital implementation is investigated and compensated for using a model-based prediction scheme. Furthermore, a two-step horizon prediction algorithm is developed to reduce the switching frequency, which is a significant advantage in higher power applications. The effectiveness of the proposed model predictive control strategy was verified numerically by using MATLAB/Simulink and validated experimentally using a laboratory prototype.
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