A closed form analytical solution for two-dimensional plane strain consolidation of unsaturated soil stratum

Publication Type:
Journal Article
International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 2015, 39 (15), pp. 1665 - 1692
Issue Date:
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© 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This paper discusses the excess pore-air and pore-water pressure dissipations and the average degree of consolidation in the 2D plane strain consolidation of an unsaturated soil stratum using eigenfunction expansion and Laplace transformation techniques. In this study, the application of a constant external loading on a soil surface is assumed to immediately generate uniformly or linearly distributed initial excess pore pressures. The general solutions consisting of eigenfunctions and eigenvalues are first proposed. The Laplace transform is then applied to convert the time variable t in partial differential equations into the Laplace complex argument s. Once the domain is obtained, a simplified set of equations with variable s can be achieved. The final analytical solutions can be computed by taking a Laplace inverse. The proposed equations predict the two-dimensional consolidation behaviour of an unsaturated soil stratum capturing the uniformly and linearly distributed initial excess pore pressures. This study investigates the effects of isotropic and anisotropic permeability conditions on variations of excess pore pressures and the average degree of consolidation. Additionally, isochrones of excess pore pressures along vertical and horizontal directions are presented. It is found that the initial distribution of pore pressures, varying with depth, results in considerable effects on the pore-water pressure dissipation rate whilst it has insignificant effects on the excess pore-air pressure dissipation rate.
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