Direct Synthesis of Glycopolymers Using Glycomonomers

Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication Type:
Chapter
Citation:
Glycopolymer Code: Synthesis of Glycopolymers and their Applications, 2015, 1, pp. 17 - 76
Issue Date:
2015-04-16
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This chapter reviews the direct synthesis of glycopolymers using glycomonomers with a focus on the developments in the last few years. The reader will be given a short history on the synthesis of glycopolymers, which will outline the main developments from the first report of glycopolymers to the introduction of various polymerization techniques. This chapter will then give an overview over synthetic routes to make glycomonomers for various polymerization techniques. Finally, the synthesis of glycopolymers is discussed starting with radical techniques such as free radical polymerization and the various reversible-deactivation radical polymerization processes (nitroxide-mediated polymerization (NMP), atom-transfer polymerization (ATRP) and its related techniques, cyanoxyl –mediated polymerization and reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization), followed by ionic polymerization, ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) and finally the ionic ring-opening polymerization. Radical polymerization, either via conventional or reversible-deactivation radical polymerization, is still the most commonly used pathway to glycopolymers. This summary also highlight that some techniques such as anionic polymerization, cationic polymerization and ROMP have been neglected over the last few year while ionic ring-opening polymerization still raises some interest, probably due to the possibility to generate degradable polymers.
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