Trace elements in road-deposited and waterbed sediments in Kogarah Bay, Sydney: enrichment, sources and fractionation

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Journal Article
Soil Research, 2015, 53 (4), pp. 401 - 411
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Road-deposited sediments (RDS) are a potential source of trace elements (TE) that can be transported by stormwater to neighbouring water bodies and cause aquatic pollution. A study in Sydney, Australia showed that of the 11 TE analysed, Zn, Cu, V, Cr, and Sb were greatly enriched in RDS compared to those in baseline soils (BS). All TE concentrations in water bed-sediments (WBS) in the catchment area were similar to those in the BS. Correlation and principal component analyses revealed that of the five TE enriched in RDS, Zn, Cu, Cr and Sb were related to each other, and they probably originated from vehicle components such as tyres and brake linings. Vanadium was separated into another component, likely to have originated mainly from road surface asphalt abrasion. Trace element concentrations in the mobile fraction of RDS, determined using a sequential extraction method, were: Fe >Mn, Zn > Cu, Pb> Cr, Ni, V, Cd, Sb. However, this fraction as a percentage of total elemental concentration was highest for Cd and Zn and lowest for Fe, Cr, Ni, and V. The RDS sites had low-medium ecological risk whereas WBS and BS sites had low risk.
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