Application of anaerobic granular sludge for competitive biosorption of methylene blue and Pb(II): Fluorescence and response surface methodology

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Bioresource Technology, 2015, 194 pp. 297 - 304
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© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. This study assessed the biosorption of anaerobic granular sludge (AGS) and its capacity as a biosorbent to remove Pb(II) and methylene blue (MB) from multi-components aqueous solution. It emerged that the biosorption data fitted well to the pseudo-second-order and Langmuir adsorption isotherm models in both single and binary systems. In competitive biosorption systems, Pb(II) and MB will suppress each other's biosorption capacity. Spectroscopic analysis, including Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and fluorescence spectroscopy were integrated to explain this interaction. Hydroxyl and amine groups in AGS were the key functional groups for sorption. Three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3D-EEM) implied that two main protein-like substances were identified and quenched when Pb(II) or MB were present. Response surface methodology (RSM) confirmed that the removal efficiency of Pb(II) and MB reached its peak when the concentration ratios of Pb(II) and MB achieved a constant value of 1.
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