A comparative study on different metal loaded soybean milk by-product 'okara' for biosorption of phosphorus from aqueous solution

Publisher:
Elsevier
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Bioresource Technology, 2014, 169 pp. 291 - 298
Issue Date:
2014-01
Full metadata record
Cationization of agricultural by-products using metal salts is widely used to activate their phosphorous capture ability. This study developed three kinds ofnew metal loaded soybean milk by-product `okara for phosphorus biosorption. A comparative study among these biosorbents was carried out with respect to their performances in terms of affinity, stability and reusability. Zirconium loaded okara (ZLO) was found to have the highest affinity towards PO43- anions (47.88 mg/g), followed by iron/zirconium loaded okara IZLO (40.96 mg/g) and iron loaded okara ILO (16.39 mg/g). ZLO was successfully desorbed with 0.2 M NaOH and activated with 0.1 HCl prior to the next cycle. After five consecutive cycles, the efficiency of both adsorption and desorption of ZLO remained about 85% whilst no Zr(IV) leakage was observed. Conversely, IZLO and ILO suffered from vitalshortcomingssuch ashigh metal release and/or sharp reduction in PO43- sequestering capability after multi operation cycles.
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