Understanding the role of real estate data in planning for flooding-related natural disasters

Publisher:
Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Citation:
RICS COBRA AUBEA 2015, 2015
Issue Date:
2015-07-07
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Studies by Leaning and Guha-Sapir (2013) indicate a three-fold increase in natural disasters between 2000 and 2009 when compared to 1908-1989, with climate-related events accounting for nearly 80% of the increase. The impact of climate change on our increasingly urban populations around the globe demands a better understanding of how real estate data can help develop pro-active planning and development strategies urban areas so that they can better manage severe weather and other natural disaster events. This research offers new knowledge and understanding of how essential the real estate profession is in the preparedness, response, reconstruction and recovery stages of a crisis life cycle – specifically as it relates to climate change-related natural disasters. The research focuses on how effective and efficient use of real estate data is crucial in the implementation and delivery of response for all stages of a crisis and draws upon specific case study examples from Belfast, Ireland. The geospatial technology developed and used in this research is a unique methodology for the exploration of how efficient and effective use of real estate data can improve crisis response at each of the crisis life cycle stages. It focuses on the utilization of geographic information, geographic information systems, gaming technology and the creation of a user interface that provides advanced functionality to those tasked with ensuring resilience in urban areas. Case study research indicates that there is significant room for improvement with regards to the use of real estate data in the planning and development of strategies to improve management of crisis life cycle as it relates to flooding-related natural disasters.
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