A mini review on renewable sources for biofuel

Publisher:
Elsevier
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Bioresource Technology, 2014, 169 pp. 742 - 749
Issue Date:
2014-01
Full metadata record
Files in This Item:
Filename Description Size
ThumbnailA mini review on renewable sources for biofuel (BITE 13667).pdfAccepted Manuscript Version561.72 kB
Adobe PDF
Rapid growth in both global energy demand and carbon dioxide emissions associated with the use of fossil fuels has driven the search for alternative sources which are renewable and have a lower environmental impact. This paper reviews the availability and bioenergy potentials of the current biomass feedstocks. These include (i) food crops such as sugarcane, corn and vegetable oils, classified as the first generation feedstocks, and (ii) lignocellulosic biomass derived from agricultural and forestry residues and municipal waste, as second generation feedstocks. The environmental and socioeconomic limitations of the first generation feedstocks have placed greater emphasis on the lignocellulosic biomass, of which the conversion technologies still faces major constraints to full commercial deployment. Key technical challenges and opportunities of the lignocellulosic biomass-to-bioenergy production are discussed in comparison with the first generation technologies. The potential of the emerging third generation biofuel from algal biomass is also reviewed.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: