Effect of intermittent aeration cycle on nutrient removal and microbial community in a fluidized bed reactor-membrane bioreactor combo system

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Bioresource Technology, 2014, 156 pp. 195 - 205
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Effect of intermittent aeration cycle (IAC = 15/4560/60 min) on nutrient removal and microbial community structure was investigated using a novel fluidized bed reactormembrane bioreactor (FBRMBR) combo system. FBR alone was found more efficient for removing PO4-P (>85%) than NH4-N (<40%) and chemical oxygen demand (COD < 35%). However, in the combo system, COD and NH4-N removals were almost complete (>98%). Efficient nitrification, stable mixed liquor suspended solid and reduced transmembrane pressure was also achieved. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results of total bacteria 16S rRNA gene copies per mL of mixed-liquor varied from (2.48 ± 0.42) × 109 initial to (2.74 ± 0.10) × 108, (6.27 ± 0.16) × 109 and (9.17 ± 1.78) × 109 for 15/45, 45/15 and 60/60 min of IACs, respectively. The results of clone library analysis revealed that Proteobacteria (59%), Firmicutes (12%) and Bacteroidetes (11%) were the dominant bacterial group in all samples. Overall, the combo system performs optimum nutrient removal and host stable microbial communities at 45/15 min of IAC.
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